The Who’s Who

Three names to know – Patsy T. Mink, Edith Green, and Birch Bayh. A Representative from Hawaii, Patsy Mink was the major author and sponsor of Title IX. She also was the first woman of color to serve in the House of Representatives! Edith Green was deemed “Mrs. Education” and helped to introduce the bill. And former Indiana Senator Birch Bayh is known as the “father” of Title IX because of his role in passing Title IX in the Senate.


By the Books

Title IX officially states that “no person in the United States, shall on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”


In the Classroom

All public and private colleges and universities that receive federal funds are required to uphold the standards of Title IX.


On the Field

Did you know athletics programs are considered educational programs and activities?
This is important because under Title IX women and men are offered equal opportunities to participate in sports, receive proportional scholarships, and equal treatment. 


 Off the Field

Interested in debate team? Extracurricular programs are covered under Title IX! The law also protects student, faculty and staff safety on campuses.


The Numbers

In 1972,  before Title IX passed, just 7% of high school girls participated in sports. Today that number has grown to more than 41%.


Hanging with the Pros

Title IX has a halo effect – resulting in advancements for professional female athletes.


A New Name

In 2002, Patsy T. Mink passed away and the official name of the law was changed in her honor to the Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act.  


 More to Be Done

Though Title IX has made a great impact, inequality remains evident. While overall sports participation rates have grown, female participation still remains lower than male participation. Continued efforts to create opportunities for girls and women in sports are necessary for truly leveling the playing field.